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Seeking new transformation and ....

Posted on: 1 Dec, 2014

Modified on: 1 Dec, 2014

By Fr. Ranjit Toppo, S.J.

Seeking new transformation and the role of change-agents
In the context of Jharkhand

Key note address during the inauguration of academic session of 2005 in St. Albert’s college Ranchi.

Honorable chief guest, Fathers and brothers, sometime ago, when I was about to assume this office of mine, the dean of the studies of your prestigious college came to me with an invitation, that I share with the seminarians about the things I am busy with, and that too during the inaugural session of the academic year. What was expected from me to share was, concerning the development field in which I was working before assuming this office, the world of poverty, the world of struggle the world of deprivation, a world in which we talk about the Human Rights, ecological balance and protection of environment. I was glad to have this opportunity offered to me, because then I knew I would be talking to a very powerful group of people who have the capacity to make difference in any field as change agents. They have a long history, in which their own predecessors have made the differences bringing about root changes, also the present in which the contemporaries are making differences and the future where the ones who are sitting here will be making all the differences and desired changes. I was glad and that is how I am here today with you. It is a privilege and an honor to me.
A few years back Mr. Arun Shourie, the former editor of Indian Express, came out with a book ‘Missionaries in India’, analyzing the Christian presence in India. In fact, this book was a result of an opportunity given to him when he was invited by Gyandeep Vidyapeetha Pune, to address during one of the seminars or inaugural sessions like this. As an informed person he collected all the data of the institutions that the Christians and particularly the Catholics in the country are having today. He went through all kinds of directories and catalogues trying to figure out as to how many institutions, seminaries, houses of formations, convents, libraries, schools and colleges, network of parishes, dioceses and provinces in the town and cities of India exit and how they are connected with one another, each having a link with Rome and the rest of the world, no matter, how remote it was from the centre. The mind boggling statistics that Mr. Shourie had at the end of his digging, and then had to make this remark, that the strength of the catholic church in India is their ability to organize themselves in a network, with a support system of solid formation, where all of them can speak the same language and show unity. From outside Mr. shourie found the network of the Church very formidable and intimidating, particularly, for a person like him who earlier belonged to one of the Shakhas of the RSS. His rise in the politics emanated from the fact that he was a staunch supporter of Mr. Hegdewar, the founding father of RSS.
Why I am speaking of the experiences of Mr. Shourie is only to show how powerful we look to outsiders who see the unity and organization of the this group of India’s population which has less than two per cent of its presence in the country. What Mr. Shourie failed to notice that this Church today is successful today in large part of the country , is largely because of the stronghold of its network is in the rural areas and most of which is not only in the church centred organizations but also the community based people’s organizations. One is able to see the structures and institutions and truly today they become the sign and symbol of people’s organization, but the more and more people and making their strength organized in the institutions which are people based. This morning I would like to enter with you into the world of such people centred organizations, which are holding the future in the days to come.
Here my focus will be on Jharkhand and its history with the emergence and growth of the Church. Some one hundred and fifty years have passed when the Church has emerged and grown in this part of the world. Concern of the Church has been all along the holistic growth and development of the people she concentrated on. With the opening of the first coal mines in 1777 in Jharia, the British had already seen the road map of Rur of India and soon their troops started following this track with more interest. Construction of railways and roads emerged as priority and the administrative set up followed soon. With that, a host of migrants found in roads into the area, which were hitherto unknown. Original inhabitants were baffled and remained losers all along. As the process of industrialization intensified, different political regimes showed interest in this area, each with an intension of controlling power and amassing wealth for itself. The socio-political and economic system of the original inhabitants suffered heavily and they went down from poverty to pauperization. The worldview, tradition and culture of the original inhabitants were pushed against the wall. They were made subservient to the new emerging regimes of power and were forced to watch the battles of different types as people of the peripheries. In sum, during the pre-independence era the Hindu, Moghul and British empires and in the Post-independence era different political parties and forces ruled the area which has resulted in a situation wherein Jharkhand particularly the indigenous people have been the major victims of lack of development.
The current issues before the people:
Existing conditions Current issues before the people
Poverty Eradication of poverty
Loss of identity Recognition of identity
Unmindful exploitation of the resources Sustainability
Imposition of alien system of governance Self governance
Focus on mining and other resources, which benefit only a particular class of people. Mining Exercises Use of resources
Migration Creation of jobs and wealth
Census manipulation: Decline in the Adivasis population Proper record of census record
Unemployment and unemployables Employment
Disoriented communities/ experience of powerlessness Lack of power Community organization
Rat- race and globalized education Localized education

Incoming of world level players in jharkhand WB, UNCIEF, DFDY, WORLD VISION, ACTION AID, CHRISTIAN AID, OXFAM, SIDA, Nothing significant has happened so far


In many ways, the focus of the world and the international community is beginning to shift towards Jharkhand. I do not say, all of sudden we have emerged at the centre of attraction for the entire world, but, somehow, in the next couple of decades we will definitely attracted the attention of people as never before. Who are the people who seem to be attracted towards Jharkhand and why? Some of the global players who still hold that the mine-rich state has still something to offer to the industry, would come and invest. I am not very hopeful that in the investment zone, very best and some of key transnational and multinationals will be interested, because the area of investment for the major players of the world is shifting from industry to entertainment. In this regard leisure is the top industry looking for investment as of now. We do not figure very much in this map. Yet our mines will keep the interest of the investors for quite sometime and the ongoing debate of development will continue to be there between the two poles i.e. the capitalist school and in the absence of the purely Marxian school, the Activists and NGOs will carry the banner forward. Agriculture will not be one of the key areas for investment and futuristic focus.
A second set of organizations, which will focus the attention onto Jharkhand in the next couple of decades, is related with poverty and development. In a startling revelation that we have had so far that of the 150 districted surveyed by the Govt. of India, the last ones in the hierarchy are the districts from Jharkhand as per the development indices. Simdega and Gumla districts are the least developed districts in the entire country. Facts like this, with the added health problems like malaria, aids, death due to hunger, chronic poverty and the like are constantly drawing the attention of the conscious people of the world community. Today the development debate has already named the people who must be centre of focus and thus we have Adivasis and Dalits, women and children becoming prime targets of development. Apart from the people focused development concern, we have other issues, like conservation and sustainable utilization of resources like water, soil and forest, protection of environment and maintenance of ecological balance, on the one hand and power based issue on the other. Thus, we talk of the local self-governance preserving the identity and traditional heritage of the local people, question of gender equity and equality and the like. Thus, we have people-based issues, resources based issues and power based issues and all of them are capable of drawing the attention of philanthropists, social activists, development professionals, organizations, and institutions at the world level.
With the attention of the world community like this there is now a flow of great amount of capital, technology and skilled and professional personnel in jharkhand. We have now the mushrooming of societies, organizations, and variety of activists each first trying to locate it and then run different kinds of programmes. This will be found out by the kind of booking of seminar halls and conferences venues booked in the city.
Impact: Government and the Church have been two prime and the oldest players in the development arena as far as Jharkhand is concerned. Record of Government is far from impeachable in fact, questionable on many count for the past fifty years or so, the record of the church is not bad off keeping in mind the level of investment and projects undertaken. However, the focus of church has confined to smaller group of people and sometime to very limited group of people of her own fold. Monopoly of these two agents in today’s circumstances has been challenged. So far as the Government is concerned, it has co-opted the role of different world level of agencies and diverted and canalized the flow of funds accordingly. Church on the other hand, has created several institutions which would match the new developments in the field of new ways of development and some cases has augmented its role by creating a better network and liasoning. But in the case of both, the realization has come home that they are not the sole players now in Jharkhand playing in this arena.
Challenges before church:
Loss of monopoly: so far as there were few players in the field, church had so to speak a kind of monopoly over development work, which had some integrity. With the variety of players coming from all kinds of background and specialization, the church as an organization and network is challenged as to how effectively; we can give our service to people bearing real fruits. The world of development today has a long list of followers who come from all walks of life, whose soul concern is development of people with right kind of approach and with effective results. Goal oriented and result based approach are taken up in a professional fashion. When we talk of professional approach then people invest their time and money and expertise is obtained in this area. Sometimes you find that development work is undertaken by a team of people who, having expertise in each field is able to bring in best talents in the field.
Human resources with quality: the development field today has access to much more qualified men and women equipped with skill, aptitude and professional approach which are counted in the field of development. It is a field, which is no more left to the philanthropists, but has become wide open and good many see carrier planning in this. Apart from being equipped with specialized degrees and diplomas, young men and women have specific training in the development field and well versed in the new technologies and jargons.
Secular approach: till very recently the motivating force in the development field used to be centered around some religious belief or teaching. Christ’s life and teaching particularly his option for the poor and deprived became key source of inspiration for many a Christians to involve themselves in the field of development as they could very easily correlate the work and teaching of Christ. In the same line, the teaching of Swami Vivekananda became a guiding force for many a followers of his to fruitfully engage in the development. In India both the faith communities have extensive involvement in the development field and their work is counted among the work of integrity. For Christians therefore the involvement of their own folk in this area became so natural to them. The same was the case for the Rama .Krishna Mission Ashram.
A little later ideology like Gandhism and ideology propagated by Jai Prakash Narayan( Sampurna Kranti) became point of convergence for people to join the development field. Religion and ideology both played important role in motivating the people who come to this field. Since there is a lot of a hardship involved in this field, if one is not equipped and supported with well-rooted spring of religion or ideology, survival in this field would become difficult. For good many years people thought the source of motivation must rest in religious or ideological belief.
In the recent times, we have seen the influx of a new breed of people who have joined in the field and seem to stay and perform reasonably well, who are not motivated by religious belief or ideology. Some of them are bugged by the human misery and want eradicate them, whereas, some are simply here because there is plenty of money and the job accomplished brings satisfaction. They are very secular in their approach and would like to deal with the reality, as it exists.
Inclusive approach with prime focus on women: till very recently, the field of development was considered to be very tough and therefore, exclusive affair of the males and male dominated activities. But in the recent decades we have increasingly seen the inclusion of women and women and children related activities with their active participation and as subjects in the programme. With the success and the example of Grameen Bank, Dhaka, Bangladesh, under the leadership of Professor Yunis Khan, the world saw the economic power of women. The ability of women to come together in the social units, to get themselves involved into thrift and crediting activities, and thereby establishing the new Grameen Bank was a new lesson learnt in the entire process of involving women into the development arena.
It will not be out of place to mention here that in 1908 we had the beginning of the Catholic Cooperative Bank, started with the initiatives of the missionaries of Belgium here. Till date this bank is one of the most successful banks having such a long lease of life, still active and vibrant. Its unique way of membership was taking not individuals but the village units where thrift and crediting activities were guided by village units and the ‘circles’ that consisted of units of villages. Even today it is one of most trusted Banks for the villagers, for their fulfillment of ordinary needs and investments.
Recently when I was talking with the Director of the Catholic Cooperative Bank, he expressed his satisfaction that the membership in the cooperative bank has by and large remained intact. So far as the saving is concerned, average saving each member would be around Rs. 6000/ which is not a bad sum. What he lamented, however, is the use of saved money for the productive purposes through crediting activities is far from satisfaction. And unless and until, the money is circulated it will remain idol and clearly indicate the inactivity of the people. According to him, we are still looking out for money from outside sources, whereas the amount of money we have collected over the years is here with us. Unfortunately innovative and creative initiatives are not coming.
It will be not out of place to mention here, that, in the recent times, we have seen women engaged in collective initiatives of small and medium scale. Whenever there is question of saving comes, no matter how small the sum is, sometimes, Rs. One, two or three per week, women are the ones who save is meticulous regularity, only to find after some time they have commonly pooled enough and more to look after their daily as well as emergency needs.
I shall give an example of Vijaygiri, a remote parish in Khunti diocese, where I was working. In fifteen villages where the women were ready to come together in a group of 10-15, they started saving Rs. One per week in their own pass book and register. In the second year the amount of saving went up to Rs. Two per week and in the third year the amount was raised to Rs. Three and five. In their weekly meeting they would come together during a fixed time and collect their amount, get the register properly filled in and if somebody required some small loan amount, the loan would be given with a minimum amount of interest. Apart from their money dealing they would talk of the house hold affairs, find out whether somebody had special need or sickness, how the sons and daughters were faring or if there was some wife beating due to over drunkard behaviour of the husband and the like. In the fourth year they found that all fifteen villages could pool their money collection together and mobilize the amount in such a way that they could open a grocery shop of their own. Women’s grocery shop had goods of worth Rs. Fifteen thousand in the beginning, which in the course of three months was raised to the level of twenty thousand and currently they are dealing with some twenty five thousand Rupees. The profit coming out of the grocery shop will be distributed to the groups of fifteen villages to the proportion of their collection. Since only the members of the Self Help Groups as we call them, could purchase items from their own shop, other women in the villages who were not willing to join in such activities, were drawn to the group making process of the women. The other grocery shops got tough competition from the new shop of women. Now women know how much was exactly one kilo of rice and 200 gram of mustard oil. In their own shop, the measurement was always correct and there was no question of adulteration. Last Christmas they wore saries and woolen garments of such quality and price, that women, men and kids looked much smarter. In cloth the margin of profit from the wholesaler to the retailer is such a huge one that they could not belief. Now, many more such groups want to join such activities and they want to undertake. Once the Government has come to know their success, she want to give loan to the tune of three lacs. But before taking such loan, women want to be on surer foot as to which kind of activities they would like to enter.
Coming back to the catholic cooperative bank, we notice that the village has remained the operational unit. As an integrated unit it was succeeding in the course of time, but, now when there are so many defaulters, focus on women will bring about more lease of life to the economic and social activities.
Policy based networking and liosoning in order to achieve long term benefits to the people concerned.
If we look very carefully at the recent involvement of the social activists of high standing and repute, we constantly find their involvement at framing or influencing at the level of policy. For instance, one of the results of poverty is death due to hunger. People like Jean Drez have been constantly speaking and mobilizing people and the concerned authorities, that in order to avoid death due to hunger the Public Distribution Services ( Public Distribution Shops, what we call ration shops) should be strengthened and accountable to people. Through their research they were able to pin point several anomalies in the functioning of PDSs. Thereby they were able to file a writ in the Supreme Court; thereupon, the Honorable Supreme Court has given direction as to how the PDSs should be operative in the country. If the anomalies still persist, then on the basis of the directives given by the Supreme Court the concerned people can always be taken to task.
In the light of the directives of the Supreme court regarding the PDS, the Gram Sabhas in Murhu Block were able to hold a Jan Sunwai (Public Hearing) at the Block premises wherein all practices and mal practices of the shop owners were brought in front of the people’s court, where the concerned authorities were present. Apart from the grievances that the people were able to raise, they became aware of their own rights, and the courage to speak out. Since then, there is a great improvement in the functioning of the PDSs in and around the area.
In order to have this accomplished a lot of networking and liosoning was required. First of all, experts were contacted who had the proper understanding of the directives given by the Supreme Court with all the nuances involved. Then some grass root people were required who could explain the matter to the ordinary villagers in their own language. In order that the message make a dent in the minds of people some folk artists were also invited who worked on the information, education and communication aspect. Village leaders, village institutions, social activist, organizations and other institutions were made to involve in the whole process. In order to have Jan Sunwai, one three months were set aside wherein the Jan Sunwai Rath passed from village to village passing on information regarding the plight and the right of the people. For the day proper, eminent persons were asked to be part of the jan Sunwai and there was a huge media coverage. Once the event was complete, the report was prepared and circulated to different people. As a follow up programme, several seminars and conferences were arranged in different places, involving several of such people and organizations so that similar chain-activities could be started off in other areas. Jan Sunwai is only one mechanism of social auditing, which can make people accountable in the development process. And any social auditing will not be possible unless and until sufficient networking and liosoning is done.
Walking with the world community in developing approach and method of seeking development.
Emergence of methodologies like participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), Participatory Learning Appraisal (PLA) Robert Chambers, has made great contribution not only in India, but they have been successfully tested in African Asian and Latin American situation. They propagate people’s participation and central involvement of the people in the entire process of development. This is bottom-up approach, wherein, people’s conventional knowledge, skill and aptitude, world-view, perception of development, optimum utilization of the existing resources and the like are given upper most importance while charting the course of development. Utilization of such human and community resources to work on the existing natural resources while taking into consideration the tradition and the world view of the people has given a new thinking to the entire process of development thinkers. This school has challenged the convention school of development that everything in the third world is wrong and bad and must be brought on par with the developed world. Such approach has challenged the western or Euro centric models of development. Today PRA is an integral part of development process. Even the World Bank, while funding for the development projects, asks whether the PRA has been involved in the feasibility study and the project proposal.
Previous time when Bill Clinton visited India as the President of United States of America, he was taken to meet one group of women who had through their thrift and credit activities came to the position of having Credit Card system. Mr. President was offered one of such Credit Cards, which made him proud of being a member of a group who had started from zero, to the position of having bank balance and operating it through credit card system. Providing ladders which can uplift people from their poverty and penury to the standing of self independence and self respect, what Paulo Freire would call ‘Pedagogy of the Oppressed’ or Sobrino’s Drinking from our Wells.
Inducting Human Development Index in the Church’s approach.
With the constant backing of people like Amratya Sen for the social security incorporation of economic as well as social parameters while understanding development debate. Till date one has not found out as to how to take up the emotional criteria in the development.
- Life span
- Access to health service
- Literacy level of children, women men in rural and urban sector
- Access to education
- Gender equality in terms of inheritance
- Right to work and right to food
- PDS and its access
Status of three main agents of development:
For development and eradication of poverty, role of important sectors like that of Government, corporate and now the NGO is very crucial. Government is supposed to be the main agent whose prime responsibility is to carry out the work of development in all possible sections of society. In Jharkhand, Government and the bureaucrats have this shocking revelation that, the government machinery is not able to access the rural people anymore. They cannot reach the rural society as of their own and the rural people have no confidence in the Government machinery anymore. For instance, District Commissioners do not leave their chambers. They hardly visit any Block. The Block Development Officers are no more operating from the respective places. Practically, all of them have their bases at the district headquarters and they visit their Blocks at most on two days a week. Very few doctors and nurses are regular to go to the Primary Health Centers (where there is hardly any medicine). Jan Sewaks and gram Sewaks who are supposed to visit villages and thereby take up issues of development do not visit villages any more. Person in need has to find out the whereabouts of these government servants. All the Block headquarters have a prominently painted wall in which they enlist the number of development and welfare activities for the information of people. In order to have access to these projects one has to have right kind of access and there are any number of intermediaries and Dalals, who set up things for the ‘willing’ and ‘deserving’ candidates, of course, on the basis of commission that they receive. The entire gang of the officers, clerks and peons all are hand in gloves with the loot of ‘development’ schemes. Rural people have totally left hope of any kind of real development coming out of government machineries like this. What they hope is the construction of rural roads, bridges, means of communication at most. For the rest, they have to depend on their own ability and skills. There is neither a vision of development nor a consultation from people regarding their aspiration of development.
Growth of corporate sector heavily depends of the availability of good infrastructure in terms of roads, railways, electricity and means of communication and accessibility to capital. For establishment of any corporate sector, the above mentioned requirements are a must or else they will not take off. On the other hand their progress will also depend on the vibrant market and the growth of the purchasing power of the people. If the rural sector is lagging behind too much, one cannot expect buoyancy in the economy. Hence, the responsibility of the corporate sector to take along the rural development is a major concern. In order to attract the corporate sector to invest in the development or welfare activities, the Government gives them sufficient subsidies and tax exemptions, but the corporate sector has not done anything substantial in this area but for their involvement in the welfare related activities for the sake of tax exemption. For instance, the Tata Steel Rural Development Scheme, being operated from Jamshedpur, has drastically cut the amount invested in the rural development schemes. Most of such, which are going on are associated with the health or welfare related activities and do not enhance integrated or holistic development of the rural societies.
Tata is a big empire and has its existence for more than a century, and therefore has the tradition of holding some values. And even then, when it comes to think of development in rural areas, mighty little seems to be there. We are yet to hear from the initiatives from other corporate houses like Birlas, Ambanies, Goenkas, and the like. They seems to believe in appeasing and offering oblations to political parties and leaders, who in turn oblige them through giving concessions.
When the Government could not take up the Herculean task of bringing about development to the concerned people in the right spirit, there emerged the spirit of voluntarism. Individuals and some organizations ventured into development area with the spirit of voluntarism. Operational style in this case was mainly mass based, village centered and with lots of personal sacrifice in the undertakings. That is how we saw the emergence of people like Bahuguna with Chipko movement, and watershed movement in Maharashtra Amte and the like. After sometime we noticed the emergence of NGOs which took up the voluntarism to a professional level. In the process they took the spirit of corporate world and wanted to achieve goal through practices like Management by objectives, Result Based Management, logical framework and application of zopp methods and the like. Somehow NGO culture developed into a semi-corporate culture and the desired change did not come about. Most of the NGOs started having city base and operated at the international level. Most of the time the attention is focused on, as to how to be accountable to the tax money that comes into the development sector. Mushrooming of funding agencies on the one hand and consultancies on the other, gave birth to a new class of people, who were supposed to work for the poor and deprived but their life style was more or less like that of corporate world. In one small study it was found out that among the people traveling from Bhubaneshwar airport, half were belonging to NGO sectors, who traveled to attend some meeting or did the consultancy job. There was no question of congruence between their pay package, life style and the poverty and poor people they were dealing with. Of late, questions are being raised that despite spending so much of money, fulfilling all the so called development jargon, how come there is no substantial change emerging in the poor belt. There is no dearth of talent, knowledge, skill and aptitude among the personnel of these NGO personnel. On paper at least they can do all kinds of fantastic and logical presentation which suffice to convince a lot of people. But for a few authentic NGOs we find thousands of NGOs whose work is far from satisfactory.
A few success stories
In the milk cooperatives of Khera, Anand, initiated by this visionary legend called Vergese Kurien, the man behind the white revolution in India, whose ability to organize villagers for milk production and collection units, which are associated with the State level National Dairy Development Boards, we have an example of this unity of common villagers reaping benefits of technological progress. The ability to condense and pasteurized milk, and there by use it for other milk based products, like butter, ice-cream, chocolate cheese etc. with a well advertised market product, this entire milk cooperative is working today, which have simple milk collection centers spread out in different parts of Gujarat and other states and have support of market and national Dairy Development Boards.
The concept of Amul Milk cooperative may sound too big an affair difficult to emulate for an ordinary person, but small initiatives like this are still possible. In Andhra Pradesh there is umpteenth number of examples where small NGOs are promoting what is known today as Mutually Aided Self Reliant Cooperatives. Anikapalli is a small township next to Vishakhapattanam where around 2000 women are running a self reliant cooperative. Their weekly collection of Rs. five from each member has in the past five years or so produced a collection of Rs. 18 crores. These women have 40 volunteers who get honorarium for their services and a Head Office which has seven permanent employees getting their regular salaries. Their annual loaning ranges up to Rs. 2 crores. Most of the loans are taken by the women to start of dairy related activities like purchase of milch animal cow or buffalo and after having proper training enter into milk production. Milk collection centers which are located in each village have become a regular feature, these women collect milk in the evening and payment is made on the basis of fat content of the milk. Thus they are assured of a regular income in the family and create a safety net around them. Now these women are thinking of giving Rs. one thousand as the retirement benefit to any member who has completed sixty years and has had a regular membership in the Mutually Aided Self Independent Cooperative for over 10 years. These women had the able support in the leadership of one R. Naidu, who guided and motivated them to get into such cooperative activities. Now these women have turned themselves to a political force, by putting up very specific demand to any MLA who comes to fetch votes in their area.
From here where do we go?
The writing on wall for the Church Personnel is very clear. So far as the relevance of the Church is concerned, a lot will depend as to how the Church personnel are going to associate themselves with the ordinary masses at individual or organizational levels. The Church continues to enjoy the confidence of people particularly due to the hard and committed work put by some of its people in the past. It has a backing of relatively large network which is strong enough, but not that vibrant which can take the problems of modern day if the goings are to be the same. At the individual level there a number of very committed people willing to undertake hardest of the jobs, but the level of skill, aptitude and training of the same remains wanting.
Performances of Charitas India, Catholic Relief Service, Catholic Charity and hosts of other Christian development agencies are praise worthy. In the recent natural Calamity striking various parts of our country, these organizations have done wonderful jobs and have set an example of integrity and secularism in providing the relief and services. They have moved with caution lest they are branded as works aimed at conversion. Their record so far has been very clean, be it in Latur, Gujarat or Orissa. Some of the best watershed programmes developed in the country are the ones initiated by organizations like AFARM and WOTRE Maharashtra. Each diocese in the country has invariably one Social Development Center, looking after the development needs of the diocese. There are innumerable charitable institutions taking care of the poor and sick, aged and dying, addicted and isolated, abandoned and orphaned maimed and disabled and the like. And yet, so much more is to be done with new vision and new mission.
There is a need of having a global and more humanitarian vision, which incorporates universal and the local at the same time; a vision, which can be shared by the faith communities as well as the secular ones. Where the well being of the common masses with the optimum utilization of the natural resources remains the common goal for which different sections of societies, organizations and individuals with all their commitment, aptitude and skills put constant and concerted efforts; where the basis human communities become the center of organization, action and reflection.
Into the heaven of freedom my Father, let my country awake.
Coming back to the assessment of Shri Arun Shourie, we posses this strength in our network at the local, national and international level. So may God help us.
Thank you.